Routine use of broad-spectrum insecticides can result in unnecessary applications, the enhanced development of insecticide resistance and the loss of beneficial insects. This in turn can lead to pest outbreaks and increased dependence on insecticides. Integrated pest management (IPM) offers an opportunity to move away from a routine broad-spectrum insecticide-based approach to pest management. IPM combines biological, chemical and cultural controls in a compatible way. Pest management decisions are based on pest: predator ratios which are monitored throughout the growing season. This approach to pest control aims to maximise the use of beneficial insects whilst minimising unnecessary insecticide use.